India recently started procedures to procure the Dassault Rafale as compared to the previous decision to purchase Eurofighter Typhoons, Using this article I shall try to analyse both the units and compare them on the basis of their merits and demerits.

Dassault Rafale

Dassault Aviation Rafale
Courtesy: https://www.dassault-aviation.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/2/files/2015/02/W1I0345-1.jpg

Over the last decades, air forces have always been the first military component engaged in all crises or conflicts, from the Falklands to the Gulf, from Bosnia to Kosovo, from Afghanistan to Libya, and more recently Mali, the Central African Republic, Iraq and Syria.

Military aviation is undoubtedly the most strategic weapon today, both in terms of combat effectiveness and of critical technologies implemented.

In modern warfare, air dominance from day one is a must, so that air-to-ground and air-to-sea operations can be conducted safely and efficiently.

Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier. Rafale M.
Courtesy: https://www.dassault-aviation.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/2/files/2017/10/DA00029642_Si.jpg

The Rafale is a 9.5 – 10.5-tonne aircraft powered by 2 SNECMA M88 jet engines, each generating up to 16,500 pounds thrust with afterburner.

Canards are used to improve manoeuvrability, especially for snap-shots in short-range dogfights, and radar shaping lowers the aircraft’s profile relative to 4th generation competitors like the Mirage 2000 or F-16.

Carrier capability was a prime motivator behind France’s decision to go it alone with the Rafale program, and variants exist for both land-based and carrier use.

Specifics of the Dassault Raffale

Dimensions:

Wingspan10.90 m
Length15.30 m
Height5.30 m

Weight:

Overall empty weight10 t (22,000 lbs) class
Max. take-off weight24.5 t (54,000 lbs)
Fuel(internal)4.7 t (10,300 lbs)
Fuel(external)up to 6.7 t (14,700 lbs)
External load9.5 t (21,000 lbs)

Performances

Max. thrust2 x 7.5 t
Limit load factors-3.2 g / +9 g
Max. speedM = 1.8 / 750 knots
Approach speedless than 120 knots
Landing ground run450 m (1,500 ft) without drag-chute
Service ceiling50,000 ft

Source of Information: https://www.dassault-aviation.com/en/defense/rafale/specifications-and-performance-data/

The above specifics make the Dassault Rafale a highly efficient lightweight competitor to the Eurofighter Typhoon but the article does not end here, if the Rafale is highly powerful in terms of weight specifications then the Eurofighter has a technological advantage.

Eurofighter Typhoon

Courtesy: http://www.leonardocompany.com/en/-/eurofighter-typhoon

The Eurofighter Typhoon is in service with 7 customers and has been ordered by two more. The aircraft has demonstrated and continues to demonstrate, high reliability across the globe in all climates. It has been proved itself to be combat ready during operations in Libya, Iraq and Syria.

Typhoon stems from a collaborative project between Italy, the United Kingdom, Germany and Spain, which translates in the industrial participation of Leonardo’s Aircraft Division (with a 19% share and the final assembly line in Caselle, near Turin), BAE Systems and Airbus Defense and Space.

The programme also involves other Leonardo divisions, particularly in the avionics and electronics field, which raises Leonardo’s programme share to 36%.

A twin-engine, supersonic, single or two-seat fighter, Typhoon incorporates the latest technologies in every area, from structures (with composites and titanium and aluminium alloys) to flight controls (which include direct vocal inputs).

The pilot can use a wide range of the latest and most advanced navigation, warning and attack sensors, fully integrated and capable of exchanging data and information with other aircraft or ground stations. All main parameters are displayed directly on the pilot’s helmet visor.

The Typhoon entered service in Italy in 2004 and now equips the 4th, 36th and 37th Wings of the Italian Air Force. In addition to the four partner nations, which have already ordered 472 Typhoons, international customers include Saudi Arabia (72 aircraft), Austria (15) Oman (12), Kuwait (28) and Qatar (24), for a total of 623 aircraft ordered.

The Eurofighter Typhoon Specifications

The aircraft is built with advanced composite materials to deliver a low radar profile and strong airframe. Only 15% of the aircraft’s surface is metal, delivering stealth operation and protection from radar-based systems.

Pilots were included in the design from the earliest stages to develop a deliberately unstable airframe that can still be flown effectively. This delivers both superior maneuverabilities at subsonic speeds and efficient supersonic capability to support the widest range of combat scenarios.

Max Speed

Mach 2.0

Thrust

90kNfrom each of the two 
EUROJET EJ200 turbofans

Length

15.96m

Max Altitude

Above 55,000ft

Wingspan

10.95m

GENERAL MATERIALS

Carbon Fibre Composites

70%

Metals

15%

Glass Reinforced Plastics (GRP)

12%

Other Materials

3%

Courtesy: http://www.leonardocompany.com/en/-/eurofighter-typhoon

THE TWIN EUROJET ENGINES

Euroject Engine
The Eurojet EJ200 engine. Courtesy: https://www.eurofighter.com/the-aircraft

Developing cutting-edge engine technology has been a key part of the Eurofighter Typhoon project from the start. Four global companies have jointly developed the high-performance EJ200 power plants that each provide 90kN of thrust from a small lightweight engine with high strength and high-temperature capability.

The above information is sourced from the original website of the Eurofighter Typhoon and has only been used for the purpose of providing information about both the crafts.

The conclusion that we can draw from the above article is that both the planes are highly advanced and have proven themselves to be combat ready in multiple operations. It would be wrong to say that one is better than the other just on the basis of their specifications.

The major difference that lies is in the cost of the planes, the Dassault Rafale is slightly more expensive than the Eurofighter Typhoon but nevertheless has many advanced capabilities which justify its cost.

It would be wrong to say that one aircraft is better than the other but for the sake of this article, I would prefer to declare the Eurofighter Typhoon a clear winner when comparing its specifications and its cost.

Further Reading:

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